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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is CBT?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy or CBT is a branch of psychotherapy and the approach that we find most effective here at Fresh Mind Therapy.

Based on well-established research and scientific results, the core idea of CBT is that a persons’ behaviour patterns and emotional reactions are strongly influenced by the thoughts they have about that situation. In other words, how we think and interpret an event affects how we feel and act.


Let us look at a simple example of this behavioural process.

Suppose you are going to the cinema one evening and you see someone you know from work coming the other way but they do not seem to notice you. Below are a number of potential thoughts you might have about it, a typical emotional response to each of those thoughts, and a subsequent behaviour:

‘I can’t think of anything to say to them, they will think I’m really boring or stupid’
(Anxiety-driven, leads to fear, leads to avoidance of interaction or avoidance of another activity)
‘Nobody ever wants to talk to me, nobody likes me’
(Depressive, leads to a lasting bad mood or sadness which leads to avoidance of further interactions with anyone that evening)
‘They are rude for no reason, I have not done anything wrong!’
(Angry, leads to shame or sadness, leads to confrontation or complete avoidance of the situation)

The key thing to note here is that, despite the brevity of the thought, the subsequent emotion and behaviour is lasting and highly influential on our behaviour. The aim of CBT therefore is to identify and challenge those initial negative thoughts and to develop healthy ways of thinking in order to promote more life-enhancing behaviour.

What issues can CBT help with?

  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Trauma
  • Eating issues
  • Low self-esteem
  • Anger management
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Sexual problems
  • Work/career issues
  • Phobias
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

How does CBT help me with my problems?

CBT techniques will effectively help you to:

  • Identify and reduce negative beliefs and thoughts maintaining your issues
  • Understand the causes of your problem(s)
  • Challenge behaviours stemming from negative thinking
  • Identify daily triggers related to your problem and challenge them
  • Develop improved coping strategies to manage your problem in the future
  • Gain a balanced and nurturing perspective on your problem

What evidence is there for the effectiveness of CBT?

The Government-produced N.I.C.E guidelines recommend Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) as a treatment of choice for a number of mental health issues.

How many sessions will I need?

The number of sessions always depends on the client and the presenting issues however CBT tends to have rapid results.

A full time-scale can be discussed and agreed with your CBT therapist in the initial consultation.

Our team of CBT therapists

The counselling psychologists at Fresh Mind Therapy are from the UK’s top institutions and have many years of training and clinical experience as specialised cognitive behavioural therapists. To read more about our therapists click here.

Booking an appointment

If you would like an appointment with one of our therapists in Central London please contact Fresh Mind Therapy.